Following the Coronavirus crisis, many governments have been keen to put in place ‘green recovery’programmes, combining the need for economic growth with sustainability. This has been a key part of politicians’ ‘messaging’ – that the crisis should be used as an opportunity
to create sustainable economies and that a ‘rebound’ must not come at the cost of the environment.

The development of a ‘Circular Economy’ is one element of these programmes. Although not new, the concept of supply chains structured around re-cycling, refurbishment, remanufacture, re-use and the prolongation of product life, is being taken up by governments with renewed enthusiasm for reasons which will be discussed below.